•U.S. stocks, according to many measures, are the most over-valued in history. We live in a Bubble Zone!
•Bitcoin and other cryptos are definitely in a bubble, but they could rise even higher.
•Bonds yield little, and in many European countries, less than zero. Central banks have created this distortion to the detriment of savers, insurance companies and pension funds.
•Real estate: Some locations, such as New Zealand, Canada and Australia are up a factor of 8 to 20 since 1980. Houses have become unaffordable for many, even with historically low interest rates.
•Silver and gold: No bubble since 1980. Prices have been repressed since 2011 and are attractive now.


•Institutions buy stocks because bonds yield so little. This works until the inevitable crash. Think tech stocks in 2000 or 2018(?).
•Institutions and central banks buy bonds trusting the “greater fool” theory. Argentina sold 100 year bonds. What happens when the world runs out of “greater fools?”
•People buy Bitcoin because it is going up, and it might double again from here. Are you comfortable investing savings with that plan?
•Others deposit their digital currency units into a “high yield” checking account that yields 0.01% interest. Or they “invest” in a CD that guarantees a yield of 1% per year in a currency that will be devalued by far more. Others buy a motor coach that depreciates $100,000 when they drive it from the dealer lot. Or they purchase a house that costs $10,000 to $50,000 per year in taxes, insurance, maintenance and utilities before principal and interest.
•Demand value! Not doing any of the above! Avoid fads, bubbles, central bank distortions and obvious financial insanity.